on the Southern Plains of the state's western area.
It is the principal city of the Midland, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Midland County. It has received national recognition as being the hometown of former First Lady Laura Bush, and the onetime home of former Presidents George H. Midland became the county seat of Midland county in March 1885 when that county was first organized and separated from Tom Green County.
The population of which grew 4.6 percent, between July 1, 2011 and July 1, 2012, to 151,662, respectively, according to the U. By 1890 it had become one of the most important cattle shipping centers in the state.
The city was first incorporated in 1906, and by 1910 the city established its first fire department along with a new water system.
Midland was changed significantly by the discovery of oil in the Permian Basin in 1923 when the Santa Rita No.
1 well began producing in Reagan County, followed shortly by the Yates Oil Field in Iraan, Texas.
Soon, Midland was transformed into the administrative center of the West Texas oil fields.During the Second World War Midland was the largest bombardier training base in the country.A second boom period began after the Second World War, with the discovery and development of the Spraberry Trend, still ranked as the third-largest oil field in the United States by total reserves.Yet another boom period occurred during the 1970s, with the high oil prices associated with the oil and energy crises of that decade.Today, the Permian Basin produces one fifth of the nation's total petroleum and natural gas output.Midland's economy still relies heavily on petroleum; however, the city has also diversified to become a regional telecommunications and distribution center. Midland mayor Hank Avery had sued Midland County challenging the electoral-districting scheme in effect for elections to the County Commissioner's Court.