An emancipated minor can keep earnings from a job, decide where to live, make his or her own medical decisions, and more.Essentially, an emancipated minor functions as an adult in society.Although specific rights vary somewhat from state to state, usually an emancipated minor can: A few states and territories (like Louisiana and Puerto Rico) allow a fourth form of limited emancipation that requires only parental consent, not the court's permission. In most states, minors automatically achieve emancipation once they get married.
States set a minimum age for marriage and often require minors to get parental consent or court approval before getting married.
For example, in order to get married in California, a minor must 1) be at least 14 years old, 2) be accompanied by a parent or legal guardian, and 3) appear before the court. Minors can become emancipated by enlisting in the United States Armed Forces.
But since military policies currently require enlistees to have a high school diploma or GED, most young people are at least 17 or 18 before they become emancipated through enlistment. Some (not all) states allow a minor to be emancipated by court order.
A minor who is "emancipated" assumes most adult responsibilities before reaching the age of majority (usually 18).
Emancipated minors are no longer considered to be under the care and control of parents -- instead, they take responsibility for their own care.
Read on to learn about how young people can be emancipated and the kinds of responsibilities and liabilities that come with emancipation.
Usually, parents or legal guardians are responsible for children who haven't reached the age of majority.
This age varies from state to state, but it's usually 18 or 19 (it's 21 in Puerto Rico).
Until a child has reached the age of majority, parents are expected to provide them with shelter, food, and clothing.
Parents can also decide where their children will live and go to school and can choose what medical care their children will receive.
If a young person under the age of majority is emancipated, the parent or guardian no longer has any say over the minor's life.