form of terrorist attack – are driven not by Islamism but by "a clear strategic objective: to compel modern democracies to withdraw military forces from the territory that the terrorists view as their homeland." However, Martin Kramer, who debated Pape on origins of suicide bombing, stated that the motivation for suicide attacks is not just strategic logic but also an interpretation of Islam to provide a moral logic.For example, Hezbollah initiated suicide bombings after a complex reworking of the concept of martyrdom.Kramer explains that the Israeli occupation of Lebanon raised the temperature necessary for this reinterpretation of Islam, but occupation alone would not have been sufficient for suicide terrorism.
S.-led intervention in Afghanistan and invasion of Iraq; Israel–United States relations, namely, financial, military, and political support for Israel; U. support for the creation of an independent East Timor from territory previously held by Muslim Indonesia; perceived U. approval or support of actions against Muslim insurgents in India, the Philippines, Chechnya, and Palestine; "a tiny minority, from within the non-Iraqi British Muslim communities, reacted with violence on 7 July 2005.To interpret this simply as a "nationalist struggle" to remove occupation ignores the blatantly obvious fact that, first, the terrorists were not Iraqis, they were British-Pakistanis (though British Iraqis have lived here for a long time); second, the vast majority of the Stop the War protesters were non-Muslims, yet only a handful from among a minority of Muslims reacted to the war with terrorism.Even though occupation may have caused agitation among the 7 July bombers, these northern-born lads with thick Yorkshire accents confessed in their suicide tapes to considering themselves soldiers with a mission to kill our people (Britons) on behalf of their people (Iraqis).In recent decades, such incidents have occurred on a global scale, affecting not only Muslim-majority states in Africa and Asia, but also Europe, Russia, Australia, Canada, and the United States.Such attacks have targeted Muslims and non-Muslims.
The literal use of the phrase "Islamic terrorism" is disputed.Such use in Western political speech has variously been called "counter-productive," "unhelpful," "highly politicized, intellectually contestable" and "damaging to community relations." However, others view the refusal to use the term as an act of "Self-deception".President Obama's former director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, retired lieutenant general Michael T.Flynn, states, "You cannot defeat an enemy that you do not admit exists." Extremism within Islam goes back to the 7th century to the Kharijites.From their essentially political position, they developed extreme doctrines that set them apart from both mainstream Sunni and Shi'a Muslims.The Kharijites were particularly noted for adopting a radical approach of Takfir, whereby they declared other Muslims to be unbelievers and therefore deemed them worthy of death.