) is a city in, and the county seat of, Onondaga County, New York, in the United States. At the 2010 census, the city population was 145,170, and its metropolitan area had a population of 732,117. city with the name "Syracuse", and is the fourth most populous metropolitan city in the state of New York.
Syracuse was named after the original Greek city Syracuse (Siracusa in Italian), a city on the eastern coast of the Italian island of Sicily.
The city has functioned as a major crossroads over the last two centuries, first between the Erie Canal and its branch canals, then of the railway network.
Today, Syracuse is located at the intersection of Interstates 81 and 90, and its airport is the largest in the region.
Syracuse is home to Syracuse University, a major research university, as well as several smaller colleges and professional schools. The Syracuse area was first seen by Europeans when French missionaries came to the area in the 1600s.
In 2010, Forbes rated Syracuse 4th in the top 10 places in the U. At the invitation of the Onondaga Nation, one of the five constituent members of the Iroquois confederacy, a group of Jesuit priests, soldiers, and coureurs des bois (including Pierre Esprit Radisson) set up a mission, known as Saint Marie Among the Iroquois, or Ste.
Marie de Gannentaha, on the northeast shore of Onondaga Lake.Jesuit missionaries visiting the Syracuse region in the mid 1600s reported salty brine springs around the southern end of "Salt Lake", known today as Onondaga Lake.The 1788 Treaty of Fort Stanwix, and the subsequent designation of the area by the state of New York as the Onondaga Salt Springs Reservation provided the basis for commercial salt production from the late 1700s through the early 1900s; brine from wells that tapped into halite (common salt) beds in the Salina shale near Tully, New York, 15 miles south of the city were developed in the 19th century.It is the north flowing brine from Tully that is the source of salt for the "salty springs" found along the shoreline of Onondaga lake.The rapid development of this industry in the 18th and 19th centuries led to the nicknaming of Syracuse as "The Salt City".In 1847, the city was officially named after Syracuse, Sicily, which at the time was also famous for its salt mining industry.