The City of Melbourne respectfully acknowledges that it is located on the traditional land of the Kulin Nation.
Melbourne is the capital of Victoria, and home to close to 4 million people.
Many of the citizens of Melbourne live in the suburbs that east and south of the Yarra River, sprawled around Port Phillip Bay and extending as far east as Mount Dandenong.
Melbourne was founded on the Yarra River in 1835 after an abortive bid in 1803 to establish a settlement inside the Port Phillip Bay heads near Sorrento.
The Port Phillip District gained independence from New South Wales in 1850.
Melbourne boomed in the 1850's as a result of the gold rush in the region to the north.
Melbourne is regarded as the world's Top Sport City and has a reputation as being more refined than its northerly neighbour Sydney, boasting the country's finest restaurants and is acknowledged as the country's most important financial centre.Like most Australian colonies the original reason for the British occupation of Victoria was the fear of possible French settlement.By the end of the eighteenth century the coast had been explored extensively by both British and French adventurers.Reacting to a perceived French threat Lieutenant David Collins, accompanied by a party comprising both convicts and free settlers, landed on the shores of Port Phillip (near Sorrento on the Mornington Peninsula) in October 1803 and a short-lived colony was established.By May 1804 Collins had gained permission to move the colony to Van Diemen's Land and his brief attempt at settlement had been abandoned.Through the 1810's and 1820's Port Phillip was regularly visited by whalers and sealers who worked the coast from Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) to South Australia.