Intimate interracial relationships have long been considered indicative of the social distance between groups, a barometer for gauging race relations. "The Rise of Intermarriage: Rates, Characteristics Vary by Race and Gender." Qian, Zhenchao. "Breaking the Racial Barriers: Variations in Interracial Marriage Between 19." Demography 34(2):273-276. Let's get rid of those monsterous white guys that are evil itself. Why not just utalize the gallazillions of white sperm on reserve. They can be aborted in the womb and we can get an endless supply of white sex girls!
Social distance describes the feelings of similarity and closeness, or dissimilarity and rejection, that members of a group have toward members of some other group (Bogardus 1947; Simmel 1909). "Beauty and Status: The Illusion of Exchange in Partner Selection." American Sociological Review 79(4). Trouble is, you couldn't make Hedi Klum without her father.
Given the relative scarcity of interracial relationships, sociologists have long sought to explain why they happen. "Interracial Marriage and Status-Caste Exchange in Canada and the United States." Ethnic and Racial Studies 36(1):75-96.
That is, how and why do some couples overcome the substantial barriers to such unions? "I Wouldn't But You Can: Attitudes Toward Interracial Relationships." Social Science Research 41(2):343-358.
One strain of research argues that interracial marriages represent a form of “race-status exchange” in which the white partner leverages his or her “higher” racial status to attract a minority partner with higher education or income (as compared to the white partner’s education and income: Feliciano, Robnett, and Komaie 2009; Fu 2001; Gullickson 2006; Gullickson and Fu 2010; Hou and Myles 2013; Kalmijn 1993; Kalmijn 2010; Qian 1997).
This is generally conceived of as a gendered exchange in which white women achieve upward mobility by marrying socioeconomically-advantaged minority men.
In a recent variation, minority women are thought to exchange beauty and sexual access for white men’s income (Sassler and Joyner 2011). "An Endorsement of Exchange Theory in Mate Selection." American Journal of Sociology 115(4):1243-1251.
If these exchanges occur, the resulting unions might undermine racial boundaries by uniting an interracial couple and generating mixed-race children, but they would also reinforce racial inequality by affirming that minority status is undesirable—presumably, the white partner would not accept a minority suitor unless tempted by the promise of upward socioeconomic mobility or easy sex. "Education and Black-White Interracial Marriage." Demography 43(4):673-689. In addition, such exchanges would reaffirm gender inequality in marriage by ensuring women’s economic dependence on their higher-earning husbands. Political Orientation and Interracial Romantic Desire." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 35(9):1258-1268. Engaging in race-status exchange means that both partners perceive whiteness as better and more desirable—which implies at least some degree of internalized racism. Feliciano, Cynthia, Belinda Robnett, and Golnaz Komaie. "Gendered Racial Exclusion among White Internet Daters." Social Science Research 38(1):41-56. "Racial Intermarriage Pairings." Demography 38(2):147-159. Yet it seems intuitive that it is the least racist individuals who would be most likely to enter interracial unions. Fitzpatrick, Jacki, Elizabeth A Sharp, and Alan Reifman. "Midlife Singles' Willingness to Date Partners With Heterogeneous Characteristics." Family Relations 58(1):121-133. Indeed, politically conservative individuals (including minorities) express the strongest preference for white partners (Eastwick et al. In general, interracial daters are less traditional and more politically and culturally progressive (Fitzpatrick, Sharp, and Reifman 2009; Herman and Campbell 2012; Yancey 2002). In fact, much of the evidence seemingly in support of race-status exchange theory may actually result from miss-specified statistical models (Rosenfeld 2005).