the determination of the chronology of events studied from archaeological data.
The stratigraphic method, which observes the sequence of earth strata containing artifacts, makes it possible to attribute each stratum to a definite epoch. The typological method is based on the fact that the types of objects and the material from which they were made were different in various historic epochs.
The transition from relative to absolute chronology is possible when undated objects are found together with objects whose time of manufacture is known or with coins or inscriptions and when studies are made of remains that have been dated from written sources.
Methods borrowed from the natural sciences are also used for dating objects of prehistoric epochs.
Due to the diverse nature of the archaeological field, the terminology that is specific to the discipline is seemingly endless.
Thus, we cannot possibly expect to account for every one of them here.
Below are just a few basic terms that will help to get you started in furthering your comprehension of the archaeological field.Absolute dating: Also known as chronometric dating, a dating method that is used to determine an object’s approximate age in calendar years.The most common example in archaeology is radiocarbon (or carbon-14) dating.Artifact: Any object that has been made or modified for use by humans.Assemblage: A collection of artifacts that have been grouped together due to their collection from a common archaeological context.Biface: A stone tool that has been flaked on two sides.