Shenzhen (深圳; Shēnzhèn) is one of the most populous cities in China.It is situated in Guangdong Province adjacent to Hong Kong.
Shenzhen won the honor because of its proximity to the abundant capital resources and management expertise across the border in Hong Kong.
Since then, it has been a real boom town and today is a bustling city of 14 million.
A 2010 study conducted by Forbes magazine ranks Shenzhen's population density as the 5th highest in the world.
Shenzhen also boasts the highest per capita GDP in China, pulling in an impressive USD13,581 in 2009, but this is hotly disputed due to the method whereby the population figure is derived.
But many observers also point out that, given the preponderance of privately held companies in Shenzhen and the widespread avoidance of tax, it is highly likely that the GDP figure is also severely understated.
A walk around Shenzhen's leafy western suburbs will quickly allay any doubts as to the wealth in the city.
Although little visited by international tourists, Shenzhen is a popular destination for Chinese domestic tourists.
They were originally attracted by its famous theme parks but as the city has developed and become richer they are increasingly drawn by Shenzhen's famous architecture, shopping, bars, restaurants and active art scene.
Shenzhen's beaches have become famous throughout China.
In 2006, the Dapeng Peninsula, the location of Shenzhen's best beaches, was nominated by the China National Geographic Magazine as one of the most beautiful coastlines in China.
Visitors are also starting to recognize some fascinating historical sites, particularly those related to the Hakka culture and Hong Kong's annexation after the Opium Wars, which are scattered throughout the suburban area.